The Annual Monsoon Season Comes Back to us

The annual monsoon season comes back to us with the initial effect of bringing memorable memories of the past floods. It began this year with heavy rain and urban flooding in the southern areas, including Karachi, the largest city of the year, and the nearby Hyderabad area. Karachi alone has lost more than 20 valuable lives due to urban flooding and electrocution.

Main part of the port city

The main part of the port city remained without electricity for more than 48 hours. Then I followed the usual criticism game. Federal ministers accused the provincial government of abusing funds provided by the Center, condemning the state to hand over money to the municipal government, and, on the contrary, to a hearing on conscientious objection. Nonetheless, the impact of depression was largely confined to urban areas, not only due to unplanned and unregulated urban development and waterway construction, but also due to poor drainage and sewage systems.

Rain also exposed the weak distribution network of K-Electric (KE) and Hyderabad Electric Supply Company. As the regulator announced a notice raising questions about its performance, civilian power utilities began a process to promote the force majeure, a legal process that protects itself from penalties or adverse actions because of problems caused by force majeure factors. Pakistan lost $ 19 billion in floods between 1947 and 2009 and $ 19 billion in direct losses after the flood in 2010

The regulator dispatched four investigators to Karachi and Hyderabad to "assess the actual situation in relation to recent supply failures and the failure of casualties and other problems," he said. A KE spokesperson said the company is focused on eliminating repair work and bottlenecks as of Friday and is not yet able to quantify the damage to its installation.

Some areas are still underwater and it is difficult to assess how many transformers, feeders, or other equipment need to be repaired or replaced at this stage, he said. Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan have also reported heavy rains that have resulted in the loss of human life and public property. The season is not over yet and it is premature to reach a conclusion.

Weather scientists and the Federal Flood Commission

But given the early warning signs raised by weather scientists and the Federal Flood Commission in early March, it is not unreasonable to find the relevant state and federal agencies and utilities that want to take precautions. This is even more important given the devastation caused by the massive floods in 2010 and the varying degrees of degradation in the following year.

The ministry and major federal government engineering organizations warned parliamentarians in March that they could face a "flood" in the monsoon season because Pakistan is higher than normal snowfall and snowing in mountains or other areas. Climate change this year.

According to the Ministry of Water, Pakistan experienced a loss of $ 19 billion due to floods between 1947 and 2009 and a direct loss of $ 1.9 billion since the 2010 flood due to population growth. The weather forecasts for June and early July coincided with the above ratings until the third week of July when the situation changed due to the tremendous pressure of the Arabian Gulf region.

West wind towards south Asia

Since the beginning of the monsoon in early last month, the National Disaster Management Authority has reported 104 deaths and 83 casualties nationwide. Despite the fact that it killed about 2,000 people in 2010 and fortunately did not continue to develop as if it had interfered with some 20 million people. This time the rainfall was not severe in the northern part. In addition, because the Kharif early water shortage had sufficient storage capacity in the dam.

The Indus River System Authority (Irsa) helped to conserve maximum river flow from the main dam. The heavier but staggering rainfall in the upper watershed was the sacred blessing of the stomach. However, 400 households were affected by KP, several legs were washed down, Chitral roads and water supply were cut off, and a few power plants were damaged.

In Azad Kashmir, 120 houses, 40 shops and two mosques were damaged. In addition, another 182 houses in other areas were damaged in whole or in part. So far, no major losses have been reported to the agricultural sector anywhere except for a small loss after the canal near Hyderabad was damaged. In fact, there was little rainfall in Sindh and Punjab, said a senior official of the National Food Security and Research.

According to Irsa Khalid Idrees Rana's coach operation, there was no abnormality in the river. Instead, he hoped to fill the Mangla dam before the Rabi season through a healthy peak flow of the Jhelum river. What is good about this year's rainfall is that the main rainfall system can take reasonable breaks, allowing for drainage and absorption without damage, unlike continuous precipitation, which causes a sudden flood.

He said that the Tarbela and Mangla dams have a storage capacity of about 16 feet and 50 feet as of August 2nd. A total storage capacity of approximately 9.2 million acres reached 68% of the total capacity. He said the Tarbela dam was filled at 1,534 feet and was being packed at 2 feet per day so that it could follow one foot a day after 1,540 feet, which is currently in line with the dam safety standards.

But the situation at Mangla Dam was not very encouraging. As expected, if there is a lot of rain showers in September, water shortages could be reduced by 5-7%. Otherwise, a shortage of 15-17% is expected.

Human resources expected

There is no excuse for a large-scale loss of life, property, and human resources expected to be seasonal. Claiming for a better governance of the state re-exposed the poor capacity of civil organizations and utilities companies to handle rainfall and power supply issues again. By telephone, all metropolitan executives have blamed the overburdened state and the weak performance of the lack of funds and skills to meet the challenges. Business leaders expressed disgust and disappointment over the government 's ceaseless frustration. 

The PTI leader used this situation to question his succession process, which his comments disprove. Derived wisdom implies monsoon damage, the recovery of affected infrastructure, and the opportunity to recover devastated people are becoming brighter under the reigned government.  Unfortunately the decentralization process that began in 2010 did not follow the natural path of empowering cities, districts and trade unions, despite the high costs of breaking promises.

Municipal authorities blame poor performance for excessive reliance on local governments and lack of funds. Even the inevitable destruction of the predicted monsoon does not mobilize the power to fix the system every year, which leaves the fragile economy of people, businesses and nations at the mercy of nature," the analyst commented. Last week, the constant rains broke the long-awaited storm of central and southern Pakistan and provided relief to non-dependent areas for farmers threatened by drought.

However, the governance fault line has been missed by the collapse of sewerage, transport and electrical infrastructure, and the collapse of mobility of goods and manpower by causing long-term power outages and shutdowns on roads, runways and rail tracks. When irresistible rain broke up and down the supply chain by invading low-lying areas of economic neurological centers such as Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad and Hyderabad, civic groups received no prior consultation I could not.

Pakistan Chamber of Commerce Chief

Pakistan Chamber of Commerce Chief Muhammad Ejaz Abbasi demanded a scientific assessment of the type and intangible losses caused by the monsoon. We are dissatisfied with the membership, and the government, which has already looked at the problems of the business class that has already been emphasized, will not be able to interpret the economy well," he said in a telephone call from Islamabad. Wasim Akhtar The mayor of Karachi sounded gloomy.

It is painful to see my city and its people suffering like this," the sad fact is that nobody is ready to own the city that drives the country's economy, "he said, referring to PPP and PTI. I do not have enough staff, suction pumps and machinery, I have limited jurisdiction, and local governments take over all of the monetization agencies to make us high and dry, and the funds we get from the provinces almost pay for annual salaries and pension liabilities.

I do not have the funds to clear this bill, so we stopped supplying electricity to the head office, and I just hope it will help mitigate the problem. He asserted in favor of a greater succession in the financial, administrative and political spheres in accordance with Article 140-A of the Constitution. Lahore executive and chairman Asif Bilal Lodhi was concerned, but he did not write.

He criticized the overlap of old systems of governance and new systems to add problems at critical points. He also supported the idea of ​​strengthening the lower level of government. He noted that Punjab's new local government law is still in full operation. "A chain of city-level command and control by elected markets can work better for Lahore and its citizens," he said.

Peshawar Administrator Khudai Nazar

Khudai Nazar believes that the situation is moving in the right direction at Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. "There is always room for improvement, and we are trying to improve our service delivery by providing a clear chain of command and control and a single point of contact for all citizens' issues in Peshawar," he told Dawn on Peshawar's phone. Quetta executive Tariq Javed Mengal said that local governments are now aiming to strengthen local authorities.

Penetration has made natural sewage dysfunctions, and if we can access scientific and evidence-based research, it will help us to devise more effective strategies," he added. He stressed that it is the government's agenda to improve the sewer system. Fehmida Mirza, Interprovisional Coordinator on the phone, said she was not satisfied with the financially strong local performance.

Why did not they prepare to minimize the fallout of the predicted monsoon rain? To Sind, I can assure you that the government is lacking in will and ability to deliver. They can use more resources, but they do not spend it to meet their needs, and there is no defense against the government that has failed the people in the provinces," he added.

She said the federal government is currently considering ways to strengthen regional cooperation among the provinces to share the financial burden of joint responsibility.
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