The Constitution Which Has Won a Tough Victory

Sudan 's ruling generals and protestors have signed a proclamation of the Constitution which has won a tough victory, opening the way for seven - month protests and violence and turning it into civilian rule. Under the agreement signed at the ceremony held in Khartoum, the civilian military jurisdiction agency will oversee civilian government and parliamentary structures to govern for a three-year transition period.

Result of a terrible negotiation

The declaration was the result of a terrible negotiation between the leaders of popular protest in opposition to the 30-year rule of President Omar al-Bashir in December and the generals who dismissed him in April. It was built on the basis of the July 17 power distribution negotiations between the two sides. Protest movement leader Ahmed Rabie and Chairman Mohamed Hamdan Daglo signed the declaration at a ceremony attended by the African Union and Ethiopian mediators. 

We signed the agreement and turned the hard side of Sudanese history," Daglo told reporters after making a short speech and signaling a victory. The signatures were applauded by the representatives of both sides shaking hands. Protestant umbrella groups, allies for freedom and change, burst into tears as they exchanged embrace. A crowd of glad Sudan gathered outside the hall, crying for "blood for blood, our government is civilian" and "revolution, revolution.

In the Bahari area north of Khartoum, dozens have shouted, "This country is ours, the government is a civilian." The drivers sounded the horn as they celebrated. In Omdurman City, hundreds of people applauded, singing, dancing and playing drums. The official signing of the foreign dignitaries who attended said on August 17 that another protest leader, Monzer Abu al-Maali, will be held. On the same day Bashir will be tried for corruption charges.

The next day, generals and demonstrators will announce the composition of a new interim preliminary ruling, Abu al-Mali said. The Prime Minister is appointed on August 20, and on August 28 the cabinet members will meet for the first time on September 1 with the State Council and the Cabinet, he added. The talks were repeatedly interrupted by lethal violence against protesters who continue to rally for civilian rule.

Headquarters in Khartoum

On June 3, men in army uniforms outside the army headquarters in Khartoum destroyed the protest camps, causing doctors close to the protest movement to stop talks for weeks after at least 127 people were killed. This move resulted in much of responsibility for the powerful Rapid Support Forces (RSF) paramilitary organization ordered by Daglo. Protest leaders say investigations into violence related to the protest are required, and protesters say they have spent more than 250 lives since December.

At Sunday negotiations, the RSF paramilitary organization should be integrated into the military's command system. Osmar Hussein waged a protest outside the negotiations waving the flag of Sudan and was very pleased with the signing. Now we can tell the martyrs that their blood has not been wasted," he said. Ibtisam al-Sanhouri, a legal counsel for the protest movement, said the proclamation of the constitution opens the way for the civilian prime minister and parliamentary regime.

She said the protest movement will secure 201 seats in the 300 seats in parliament and the prime minister to be confirmed by the new sovereign council. This document on a peace treaty that was agreed last month by three armed groups in Addis Ababa was spoken by protest leader Bobby Kiss Faisal. These groups spent many years fighting the Bashir government troops in Darfur, Blue Nile and South Codopan province.

A comprehensive peace conference will be held within six months of the transitional period," he added. The Sudanese Arabs welcomed this long-awaited negotiation. Egypt is "a crucial step in the right direction," the Saudi Foreign Ministry said, welcoming it as "a quantum leap that will transform Sudan into stability and security.

Anwar Gargash, deputy minister of foreign affairs in the United Arab Emirates, said that the transition to Sudan 's civilian rule "changes pages" for Bashir and his Muslim allies. Ethiopian mediator Mahiroud Drir told reporters Sunday that Sudan can see its withdrawal from the US blacklist as a terrorist sponsor.

The country has been on the State Department since 1993, claiming its support for the targeted Islamic militants, which undermined Iran's economy and severely hindered foreign investment.
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